This guidance relates to the skills, knowledge and understanding that are essential to learning and teaching across the Foundation Phase.


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It complements the 'Foundation Phase Framework for Children’s Learning for 3 to 7-year-olds in Wales', the guidance material supporting the seven areas of learning, 'Play/Active Learning: Overview for 3 to 7-year-olds', 'Observing children' and the 'Skills framework for 3 to 19-year-olds in Wales'.

The guidance aims to support Foundation Phase practitioners in understanding the learning and teaching pedagogy and how to implement it. The 'Building the Foundation Phase Action Plan' (WAG, 2006) requires initial teacher training institutions and further education colleges to ensure that courses include appropriate reference to child development, learning and teaching pedagogy, planning and assessment. The guidance will also be useful for students training to work with young children.

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